In Five Danny Dogs, count down from five with Danny. One by one, each of Danny’s four friends runs off until Danny sits alone. Where have all the dogs gone? Five Danny Dogs, part of Danny! Danny! Danny! Set 5, is an F leveled, Upper Emergent reader.
Level F Readers
Five Danny Dogs is an F leveled reader, based on independent evaluation by Fountas & Pinnell using the F&P Text Level Gradient™. Level F titles are appropriate for Upper Emergent readers (Levels F-H). Readers at Level F notice and use readers’ tools and simple organizational features, like the table of contents, subtitles, and page headings. They read without pointing at individual words and with the appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, and word stress. Level F readers can read stretches of simple and split dialogue, and process syntax. They are becoming comfortable with inflectional endings, plurals, contractions, and possessives.
Level F readers are typically able to recognize fifty or more high-frequency words automatically, within continuous text. They can also use letter-sound information to take apart and decode both simple and multisyllable words while they’re reading. Using these same tools, Level F readers self-monitor and correct. Level F readers use word parts (onsets and rimes), language structure, text meaning, and visual information to solve words. Readers at this level will often reread a phrase to problem solve, self-correct, or just confirm what they’re reading.
By Level F, readers can understand the characteristics of the different genres of texts. They are able to recognize whether a text is realistic fiction, fantasy, or nonfiction/informational by its features. In informational texts, Level F readers notice and are able to learn new facts about a variety of topics. They can also identify chronological sequences in a text, when applicable. When reading fiction, Level F readers can understand characters who are more complex and developed. They are able to talk about a character’s motivations and feelings. They can sometimes predict what may happen next in the story based on knowledge of the characters or the type of story.
Upper Emergent Readers
Upper Emergent readers recognize that reading has a variety of purposes and reading different kinds of books is enjoyable for distinct reasons. They should be reading both fiction and nonfiction/informational books. Reading informational books provides a different type of literacy benefit to early readers. Reading nonfiction helps young students develop background knowledge, which increases their comprehension ability by enabling them to make sense of new ideas. Additionally, informational texts have the potential to motivate students to read more by tapping into their personal interests. Encouraging students to explore a broad array of informational texts can help them see that the real world is as interesting and amazing as any fictional one. MaryRuth Books offers many fiction and nonfiction/informational leveled readers, suggested and used by Reading Recovery® and Guided Reading educators, when teaching Upper Emergent readers.